MANAUS: RETHINKING MOBILITY
Programme: Regional Mobility Masterplan
Team: João Bosco Chamma, Laurent Troost, Waldemar Arduíno, Miguel Capobiango, Tsuyoshi Myamoto, Marcelo Imoto
Location: Manaus - Brazil
Status: Research2009- Selected VIII Bienal Arquitetura de São Paulo 2009
For the last 60 years, we haven’t been planning cities; nevertheless cities keep on spreading horizontally and randomly. The urban tissue has been formatted by housing blocks, condominiums, irregular plot divisions and most of the times, by invasions without any planning permit. Due to this lack of housing and urban policy, this situation led us to a total urban disharmony and its strong consequences: lack of a ‘more human’ urban tissue, resulting in a low density, high infrastructure execution and maintenance costs and mainly a low urban mobility. All of which preventing from environmental, social, economical and cultural relationships.
Looking for an exit of this urban discomfort, we need to have a macro and progressive vision since the great challenge of the 21st century is the cities sustainability. Sometimes, to change requires bravery to break links of palliative solutions and to get to work a proposal such as this one: a proposal for a systemic change of the mobility system.
The proposal deploys a 41km long structuring ring that consists of a 2-way Monorail system. On this path, named Manaus Ring, intermodal stations connect all the disconnected systems in use today. The Manaus Ring goes through the city center where it creates the so desired and useful connection with the provinces of the Amazonas State.
The Manaus Ring awakens possibilities for new commercial activities, residential buildings, services and leisure along its path, structuring a new city area that will be less dispersed and encouraging greater density, optimizing the use of existing infrastructure.
With a more efficient public transport, we will rescue the pleasure of moving through Manaus, contemplating and overlooking a city more beautiful and pleasant to live in.
Out of the 62 municipalities of the Amazonas State, 60 have their main city on the Amazonian riverbanks. A river that has an annual tide of up to 14m and that precludes a fixed level for loading docks. The relationship of the interior occurs almost exclusively by boat.
The New Harbors alleviate the historical center and combine boarding dignity with security of passengers and goods, while organizing the boats according to river depth. They also alleviate the agony of loading and unloading on the large beach in front of the city.
The 2 floating harbors, with a capacity of 340 boats, are situated the estuary of 2 rivers crossing the center. This re-localization does free the Rio Negro bank for the creation of leisure and contemplation zones.
The connection of those intermodal habors with the Manaus Ring completes the needed accessibility for the travelers arriving in Manaus.